One of the more common questions I get is how to do if you want to build a woodland garden with an existing forest as a starting point. Unfortunately, I do not know so many references for this procedure in our climate. Therefore, the most theoretical reasoning in this post and I am as usual grateful if readers want to share their own experiences.
The first question to ask is: Is it really here, I will build my woodland garden? The greatest benefit allows the woodland garden as known at the most disturbed and at least biologically valuable lands and it would be a shame to destroy an existing ecosystem by making it into a woodland garden.
Another place criterion is that any construction of its forest garden deep and fertile soils. Leaving aside arable plants growing Swedish forests generally on the poorer soils, which is often rocky and meager moraine soils with a pH value that does not fit many forest garden plants.
Would you still embark on the making of a forest to timber gardening, it is important to first let in more light to the ground. Among Forests provide a better starting point than the coniferous forests, because the right of fungi found in the soil and the pH value is probably closer the value we wish. Although a suitable örtflora (ie one that is compatible with the forest garden trees and shrubs) can often already be in place.
Trees that are very competitive root system (as birch, aspen and willow) needs to be removed, at least in a larger radius around the forest garden trees to be planted. The other trees can remain and serve as amträd for the newly planted trees. From protects from wind and radiation losses nighttime. Pine and oak have been shown to work well with many forest garden plants, but also spruce trees here and can work. Fir trees to the north protects from the cold north winds and raises the temperature on the sunlit side through its heat retaining ability.
Many interesting woodland garden plants, such as walnuts (Juglans spp.), hickory (Carya spp.), pawpaw (Asimina triloba) and hazel (Corylus spp.) are adapted to grow in semi-shade under large trees and many other plants, particularly in örtskiktet, are much more comfortable in the forest environment than in the sunlit environment found in most young forest gardens. If it turns out that these plants are not coming off despite having put aside competing trees may be due to rotkonkurrensen still too large. Then you need to thin out more and maybe take away some of amträden.
It is perhaps the biggest advantage to establish a forest garden in the woods is that you do not have to keep on fighting grass the same way that if you start with a grassy area. The establishment of both trees, shrubs and herbs will be much easier this way and it is not needed as much cultivation work in such a situation.
That which can be labor intensive, however, to improve the soil so that demanding forest garden plants can thrive in the long run. It takes a long time to build up sufficiently thick layer of soil and a solution can be to carry into the ground at each planting round. Even the water supply can be a challenge and it is important to study the location thoroughly before planting. In the hollows and valleys, water is rarely a problem, but in many slopes and ridges (which is often characterized by barren vegetation) can the water supply be too small to build a functioning forest garden.
In summary, you learn then face other challenges if it wants to establish a forest garden in a forest than assuming grassland. Also missing is today documented knowledge of such situations and there is much left to learn. So you who have experienced this, Please write something in the comments section to this post, or e-mail me at email@example.com.